The Giro d'Italia, commonly referred to as 'The Giro', is the first of three Grand Tours on the WorldTour calendar and often considered the hardest in terms of profile and terrain. Riders contest 21 stages over three weeks, covering a distance of 3,518.5km in 2019 and many thousands of metres in elevation gain. The Giro d'Italia route varies from year to year but always includes a mixture of flat stages, mountainous stages and time trials in the form of individual and/or team.
The first edition of the Giro d'Italia took place in 1909 after the local newspaper, La Gazzetta dello Sport, organised the race to increase their sales. The Giro has run every year since except for brief stops for the two World Wars.
The race traditionally starts and finishes in Milan, a homage to where the La Gazzetta dello Sport headquarters were located, but as we have seen in the 2018 edition, the race start can vary year on year. This year’s Grande Partenza takes place on home soil in Bologna with an 8.2km individual time trial.
Each year the rider with the lowest accumulated time for the 21 stages wins the Giro d'Italia, collecting the pink leader's jersey otherwise known as the “Maglia Rosa”. In addition to the overall winner, there are also other classifications to reward riders for their efforts; the mountains (blue jersey), points (red jersey) and young rider classifications (white jersey). There are also two teams classifications, the Trofeo Fast team, and Trofeo Super team, rewarding riders for high placed finishes and consistency.
The Maglia Rosa so called because of its pink colour is awarded to the rider with the lowest accumulated time across the 21 stages. La Gazzetta dello Sport prints their newspaper on pink paper and so provided the inspiration for the pink jersey. The pink jersey, which is synonymous with the Giro d'Italia, first appeared in 1931 and has been a constant ever since.
Critical riders to watch in this year's tour include;
- Tom Dumoulin (Team Sunweb): One of only two former winners on the 2019 start list, Dumoulin has proven that he has the ability to excel in grand tours, winning the 2017 edition of this very race, finishing second last year, followed by another second place at the Tour de France a few short months later.
With three ITT’s slated throughout the three-week grand tour, Dumoulin will no doubt be wanting to lean on his skills against the clock, hoping that this may provide the chance to take the time he needs to move into, and hang onto top spot come the end of the race.
- Simon Yates (Mitchelton–Scott): Yates comes into this year's Giro after a promising debut, before an untimely hydration and nutrition error saw him squander his lead on stage 19 of last years race. Rather than dwell on the lost, Yates recovered and won the Vuelta a Espana is storming fashion. Another year older and wiser, expect to see Yates with a few cards to play, being backed up by Mikel Nieve and a resurgent Esteban Chaves.
- Vincenzo Nibali (Bahrain–Merida):
The only multiple winner on the start list, much like Yates, Dumoulin, and Roglic, Nibali will be a marked man at this years tour. While to date, his 2019 hasn't been littered with as many wins as years gone by, the Shark of Messina is one man never to be discounted on Italian roads. With several critical stages in this years edition featuring many iconic climbs, expect to see the Italian inject some excitement and flair into this year's race when the roads point up.
- Primoz Roglic (Team Jumbo–Visma):
Based on his form so far this season, Primoz Roglic enters this year's Giro d’Italia as a pivotal rider to watch, and no doubt as the front running favourite for overall honours. Roglic has proven his time trialling prowess in the past, and as demonstrated in the 2018 Tour de France, can climb with some of the best mountain goats in the peloton. This is the Slovenians second tilt at the Giro, but after an impressive 4th in last years Tour de France, and overall honours in every race he’s started this year, it’d be little surprise to see him on the podium by the time the tour rolls into Verona in three weeks.
The leader in the mountains classification is represented by a blue jersey called the Maglia Azzurra. Points in the classification are awarded for reaching the top of selected categorized climbs first or close to first. Points allocated to each climb differ depending on the difficulty of the climb. The steepest climbs otherwise known as 'HC' or 'Hors Categorie' climbs (a French term meaning beyond categorization) are awarded the most amount of points. Category 1, 2, 3 and 4 climbs will have decreasing points allocated to them and fewer positions available to earn points.
The leader in the points classification was typically represented by a red jersey; however, the Maglia Ciclamino was revived in 2017, with the sprinters' jersey once again taking on its traditional mauve hue. Points are awarded at the finish line and at specific locations along each stage, which accumulate during the race. The rider with the most points at the end of the Giro wins the classification.
Best Young Rider classification
The Best Young Rider classification works exactly the same way as the general classification, but only riders under the age of 25 are eligible to win. The rider under 25 with the lowest accumulated time will wear the Maglia Bianca, or white jersey, signifying their lead in the classification. The winner of the white jersey often provides a preview to future results and potential Giro d'Italia victories.
Strangely enough, there are two separate teams classifications for the Giro d'Italia; the Trofeo Fast Team and the Trofeo Super Team.
The Trofeo Fast Team is won by the team with the lowest accumulated time, a result of adding the times of the three best cyclists per team on each stage.
The Trofeo Super Team, on the other hand, is based on points, not time. The top 20 riders on each stage earn points towards their teams total, the team with the highest number of points at the end of the race wins.
Legendary riders of the Giro
Since the first edition of the Giro d'Italia back in 1909, 22 riders have managed to win the race more than once. Three legends of the sport, Alfredo Binda, Fausto Coppi, and Eddy Merckx, each winning the race five times. Riders from 12 different countries have won the race, but there certainly is a home-ground advantage, with Italians winning the race 68 times.
The first dominant rider of the Giro was five-time winner Alfredo Binda who won the race in 1925, 1927, 1928, 1929 and 1933. In 1927 Binda won 12 of 15 stages, a performance only eclipsed by his eight successive stage wins in 1929. Such was Binda's dominance La Gazzetta dello Sport offered him 22,000 lira in 1930 to go easy on his opponents.
It took the 'Iron Man of Tuscany' to dethrone Binda. Gino Bartali was the next to come along and stamp his authority on the race winning in 1936, 1937 and later in 1946. Bartali was eventually challenged and defeated by then-teammate Fausto Coppi. Coppi would go on to win five editions of the Giro (1940, 1947, 1949, 1952 and 1953) which could have been more had it not been for World War II.
The all-conquering Eddy Merckx was next to arrive on the scene. Merckx was referred to as "The Cannibal" due to his ruthless nature and ability to win every race dominantly. Merckx won 11 Grand Tours, all five cycling 'Monuments', the World Championships and held the hour record. Merckx's five Giro victories came in 1968, 1970, 1972, 1973, 1974 and in the process he wore the maglia rosa for a record 78 stages.
In the modern era (since 2000) five riders have won the Giro twice; Alberto Contador, Ivan Basso, Paolo Savoldelli, Gilberto Simoni, and Vincenzo Nibali.
Little known facts
Once upon a time, there was a battle for a black jersey in the Giro. The 'maglia nera' was 'awarded' to the rider who had accumulated the highest amount of time in the saddle and finished in the last place. The classification was introduced in 1946 but quickly removed in 1951 as some riders would deliberately waste time to claim the prized jersey. The jersey was won twice by Luigi Malabrocca, and the last wearer was Giovanni Pinarello (yes, that Pinarello).
The Giro is considered the most arduous of the three Grand Tours, but spare a thought for the first edition of the race which covered 2,448km in only 8 stages, at an average of 305km per day! 127 riders started the first edition, only 49 riders going on to complete the race.
Despite the extreme distance, elevation gain, and weather, the fastest ever Giro was completed at an average speed of 38.93kph in 1983 by Giuseppe Saronni.
Each year the “Cima Coppi” is declared and represents the highest point of the Giro. The title pays tribute to Fausto Coppi, the great Italian climber who won the Giro five times. The Cima Coppi has been a part of the Giro since 1965 and in 2018 was at the top of the Colle delle Finestre (2,178m) where Chris Froome (Team Ineos) took the honours as the first man over.
Only one rider has managed to win the general classification and the best young rider classification. Evgeni Berzin achieved the feat in 1994 after winning three stages and holding onto the jersey for 19 stages.
Much loved Italian Marco Pantani was the last rider to win the Giro d'Italia / Tour de France double in 1998, a feat that many have since tried but failed.
Mario Cipollini has the most Giro d'Italia stage victories: 42.
In the 2015 Giro, Richie Porte was penalised two minutes for taking a wheel from rival Simon Clarke. The penalty appeared to be harsh, and Porte was never able to recover, but consider Giovanni Brunero who in 1922 took a wheel from a teammate and was penalised 25 minutes! Even more remarkably Giovanni went on to win the Giro that year despite the hefty penalty.
Imagery courtesy of Cor Vos
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